Types Of Gum Disease

young woman in thoughtGum disease or periodontal disease can be a serious health issue for people who are unaware of the problem and unknowingly allow it to continue unchecked. Dr. William Wager and Dr. Brian Evans have years of experience helping their patients fight gum disease.

First type of gum disease:

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. The symptoms of gingivitis are swollen, red gums, which bleed easily. Normally, there is very little discomfort at this stage of gum disease.

The main cause of gingivitis is poor dental hygiene. A person does not brush properly and flosses infrequently.

Gingivitis may be influenced by several factors:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Systemic diseases and conditions
  • Puberty
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal changes
  • Infections such as HIV
  • Substance abuse

Second type of gum disease:

If gingivitis is left untreated, it may lead to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease.

Periodontitis occurs when plaque builds up and is not reduced by good brushing and daily flossing, combined with regular dental cleanings. The plaque build up will expand as bacteria will begin to grow below the gum lines. The gums will begin to pull away from the teeth forming pockets that will become infected. The pockets become larger and the gum tissue and the bone may be destroyed.

Ways to reduce gum disease:

There are many ways that you can reduce gum disease.

  • You can reduce the amount of sugar you are consuming.
  • You can quit smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • You can drink more fluoridated water.
  • You can make sure that you have regular dental examinations and cleanings.

About Your Reno Dentists:

Dr. William Wager, Dr. Brian Evans, and their highly experienced team at Wager Evans Dental are devoted to their patients and their families, and dedicated to providing first-rate dental care in a comfortable, inviting environment. Located in Reno, they proudly welcome residents from Spanish Springs, Sparks, Incline Village, Dayton, Fernley, and all surrounding communities. To schedule a consultation or your next dental appointment, visit their office, or contact them today by calling (775) 800-4845.